[1]王印焕,张 宁.民国乡村阶层流动状况[J].燕山大学学报(哲社版),2008,(03):067-72.
 WANG Yin-huan,ZHANG Ning.The Country Class Flow Condition of the Republic of China[J].,2008,(03):067-72.
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民国乡村阶层流动状况
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《燕山大学学报(哲社版)》[ISSN:1009-2692/CN:13-1277/C]

卷:
期数:
2008年03期
页码:
067-72
栏目:
中国近代历史与社会
出版日期:
2008-09-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
The Country Class Flow Condition of the Republic of China
文章编号:
1009-2692(2008)03-0067-06
作者:
王印焕 张 宁
(北京师范大学 历史学院,北京 100875)
Author(s):
WANG Yin-huan ZHANG Ning
关键词:
民国时期租佃雇佣阶级关系
Keywords:
the Republic of China Periodtenancyengagementclass relationship
分类号:
D66
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
由于分家、变故等内在原因以及匪患、捐税等外部压力,乡村各阶层处于频繁的分化与流动过程,贫困农户与富裕农户之间存在相互转化的可能。对未来生活的希望与忧虑,使乡村农户暂时漠视了他们之间的区别与差异,原本悬殊的距离在他们心中得以缩减和接受。这也是租佃与雇佣能够长期存在于农村却没有引起大的波澜的原因所在。当然,表面上的融洽并不能掩盖他们之间不可调和的矛盾。土地分配不均衡造成了大量缺地少地农民的长期生活苦痛,土地革命是迅速改变这一局面的唯一有效途径。
Abstract:
Because of the internal reasons and exterior pressure,the granger always differentiated and flowed frequnently. There is a possibility of transformation between the poor and the rich . Due to hope and worry of the future life, farmers laid aside the difference among themselves and they could accept the wide gap. That was why there were not big billiows in rural areas even if tenancy and engagement had existed for a long time. Of course, superficial harmony would not cover up their immense conflict. The uneven distribution of glebe made a lot of famers live in hardship, glebe revolution may be the only solution to this situation.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
[作者简介] 王印焕(1973-2006),女,河北无极人,北京师范大学历史学院副教授,博士;张宁(1982-),男,山东日照人,北京师范大学历史学院硕士研究生。
更新日期/Last Update: 2008-09-23